A survey conducted by Afrobarometer team led by NOI Polls has disclosed that six in 10 Nigerians or 61 per cent say it is fair to tax rich people at a higher rate than ordinary people in order to help pay for government programs to benefit the poor.
The survey which interviewed 1,599 adult citizens of Nigeria yielded country-level results with a margin of error of +/-2.5 percentage points at a 95 per cent confidence level.
Previous surveys were conducted in Nigeria in 1999, 2002, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2014, and 2017.
The survey also indicates that it is difficult to find out what taxes and fees many Nigerians supposed to pay 65% and how the government uses the revenues from people’s taxes and fees 74 per cent.
Also, it shows that only about half or 49 per cent of Nigerians agree that the tax authorities always have the right to make people pay taxes, while about one-third 36 per cent disagree.
While almost half or 47 per cent say that it is better to pay higher taxes in exchange for more government services, almost as many 39 per cents would prefer lower taxes, even if there would be fewer government services.
Other survey findings disclosed that almost four in 10 Nigerians or 37 per cent say that ordinary Nigerians are required to pay “somewhat too much” or “far too much” in taxes, while the same proportion say the rich pay “somewhat too little” or “far too little.”
Also four in every 10 Nigerians or 40 per cent want the government to make sure small traders and other people working in the informal sector pay taxes on their businesses.
The survey also says that one-third of 34 per cent say the government usually uses the tax revenues it collects for the well-being of citizens.
A majority of Nigerians say that they find it difficult to get information about taxes they are supposed to pay and how the government uses taxes revenues, the latest Afrobarometer study shows.
Only half of Nigerians endorse the right of the tax authorities to make people pay taxes.
About the same proportion are willing to pay higher taxes for more government services.
A significant proportion thinks ordinary Nigerians are required to pay too much in taxes while the rich pay too little.
The study also shows that a significant proportion of citizens want the government to strengthen the tax net to ensure those small traders and other workers in the informal sector pay taxes on their businesses.
Afrobarometer surveys Afrobarometer is a pan-African, nonpartisan survey research network that provides reliable data on African experiences and evaluations of democracy, governance, and quality of life.
Seven rounds of surveys were completed in up to 38 countries between 1999 and 2018. Round eight surveys in 2019/2021 are planned in at least 35 countries.
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