For decades now, nations have battled with issues concerning the resettlement of refugees and displaced persons, and the most persistent problem across the world has always been, how to fully rehabilitate, resettle and reintegrate persons of concern into the host communities successfully. With a growing population of refugees across the globe, there seems to be no end in sight for this pending problem.
Nigeria today is faced with one of the biggest humanitarian crises in history; with a fast-growing population, the humanitarian landscape is filled with a high number of refugees and displaced persons and returnee migrants, whose means of livelihood have been eliminated.
According to a United Nations High Commission for Refugees, UNHCR, report in 2019, Nigeria had a total of 4.04 million Persons of Concern, POCs, as of July. This figure includes over 2.2 million Internally Displaced Persons, IDPs, another 1.6 million returnees and an estimated 242,707 refugees. Interestingly, over the years, Nigeria has become a refuge of interest for refugees from Niger Republic, Chad and Cameroon.
Cameroon has the highest number of refugees in Nigeria with 57,809 refugees across five states; Akwa Ibom 547, Benue 7,531, Cross River 36,764, Imo six and Taraba 12,961.
For almost 10 years, the Boko Haram insurgency and other related violence in the North-East has forced the highest number of POCs into permanent and active displacement with more than two million persons in the Lake Chad region left with increased vulnerability and a big hindrance to access to basic amenities.
President Muhammadu Buhari has used the National Commission for Refugees, Migrants and Internally Displaced Persons, NCFRMI, the agency saddled with the mandate for the protection, care, maintenance and durable solutions for POCs, as well as ensuring a comprehensive welfare for them. It is an established fact that for over five years, he has been steadfast in the support and approach towards delivering aid to this large population of vulnerable POCs.
The protection of refugees and displaced persons is among the top priorities of the Buhari administration and this is evident in the steps taken to develop modalities for the inclusion of refugees in social safety nets through the National Social Investment Programme, NSIP, in order to make everyone count, especially persons of concern.
Recognising that durable solutions like the full rehabilitation of displaced persons and the provision of sustainable livelihood assistance including resettlement requires persistent workable plans, President Buhari on August 29 appointed Senator Basheer Garba Mohammed as the Federal Commissioner in charge of the National Commission for Refugees, Migrants and Internally Displaced Persons.
Also at the forefront of this effort is the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development, Hajiya Sadiya Umar Farouk, who has tirelessly and continuously supported the commission in its efforts in ensuring successful resettlement, rehabilitation and reintegration of persons of concern.
Upon assumption of office, Senator Mohammed came up with NCFRMI’s Resettlement City Development & Rehabilitation Programme aimed at responding to the growing need and request of the large number of IDPs and refugees in the country. Worthy of note is that as of December 2019, Nigeria had more than 1,000 formal and informal IDP camps.
A 2019 NEEDS and mobility assessment report indicates that more than 80 percent of these persons of concern, who were displaced in these camps and many others in neighbouring countries, were ready and willing to return to communities with guarantees of free movement, security and sustainable means of living.
And to make their dreams of such return come true, the Resettlement City Programme has been geared towards the establishment of resettlement cities across states in Nigeria. Designed for long-term impact through reintegration, rehabilitation and resettlement initiatives for persons of concern, as well as a harmonious coexistence with the host communities, each resettlement city will include learning and religious centres, health facilities and recreational parks, skills acquisition centres, as well as security stations. Each city will also have access to water, solar electricity and be attached to social services that support their reintegration.
As the honourable federal commissioner likes to put it: “A boy or a girl who has been in an IDP camp since the beginning of the Boko Haram crises has probably been out-of-school for about a decade. That is 10 wasted education years for millions of youths in the camp. This should be a source of concern for everybody.”
As the situation of displaced persons gets more dire, the commission in its effort to bring comfort and succour to persons of concern has worked tirelessly to secure vast amount of lands in some states across the federation for the establishment of the historic resettlement city, and the federal commissioner has ensured that every stakeholder is on board as the programme moves to the next level.
Therefore as the commission plans to add another mandate to its welfare plate for persons of concern in camps across states by providing a long-term and durable solution to the resettlement issues at hand, there is a growing need for more assistance and support for it through collaboration with donors within the country and well-meaning Nigerians.
It goes without saying that a programme of this magnitude needs the continuous support and assistance of everyone in the country, from government at all levels, corporate bodies to individuals who wish to be part of this historic project. A project that is modeled to be the best in Africa and at completion will be the pride of the nation and its people – there should be a general call to action.
Like we all know, displacement is often a survival mechanism, when fleeing is the only resort people have in order to avoid imminent danger or hardship. However, it also tends to make people vulnerable, often exacerbating the difficulties they already face as a result of the surrounding armed conflict or violence. Displaced people are torn away from their usual surroundings and social support networks. Families are often ripped apart and relatives may be killed or go missing during transit.
The loss of income, possessions and sorts leave internally displaced persons and returnee migrants unable to meet even their most basic needs in a predictable way or access to basic services. It is our collective duty to help government and the commission bring back smiles to the faces of these people – for humanity and for ourselves through the commission’s Resettlement City Development Programme.
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